Page 12 - Senior Times - September 2018 - 25-09
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Page 12Senior Times - September 2018IMMUNIZATIONS – WE ALL NEED THEMBy: Glin Winsor, Store Manager WalgreensRegardless of age, we all need immunizations to keep us healthy. With time, immunity from childhood vaccines can decrease and you maybe at risk for different diseases that could be pre- vented by being vaccinated with one of the new vaccines that are available. With adulthood comes responsibility, including the need to protect our- selves and our loved ones.Getting immunized is a lifelong, life-protecting job.The specific immunizations you need as an adult are determined by factors such as age, life- style, health conditions, locations of travel, and previous immunization.All adults need:• Influenza (flu)• Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whoopingcough) also called Tdap • Pneumococcal• Shingrix (Shingles)Influenza is a serious disease caused by a virus. This is not just the common cold. Each year, an average of 226,000 people are hospi- talized due to influenza and between 3,000 and 49,000 people die of influenza and its complica- tions, the majority are among adults. Influenza is very unpredictable. No one knows how deadly influenza will be each year. Even if you havea mild case of influenza, you can still pass the virus on to your friends and family who could get very sick or even die. You can catch influenza from people who cough, sneeze, or even just talk around you. Anyone can become seriously sick from influenza – even young, healthy people.Older adults and those with health condi- tions like lung and heart disease are at high risk for serious complications from influenza.The best way to protect yourself and others from the flu is to get immunized. The influenza vaccine is given each year because immunity decreases after a year and because each year’s vaccine is formulated to prevent that year’s antici- pated influenza viruses. The CDC and other health organizations determine the strains to be placed in each year’s vaccine.Health experts recommend that you get vac- cinated as soon as vaccine is available at your pharmacy or doctor’s office. Neither the injectable (inactivated) vaccine nor the live attenuated (nasal spray) vaccine can cause influenza.Aging decreases the body’s ability to have a good immune response after getting influenza vaccine. A higher dose of antigen in the vaccine is supposed to give older people a better immune response, and possibly provide better protection against flu. Whether or not the improved immune response leads to greater protection against influ- enza disease after vaccination is not yet known.Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are three different diseases caused by bacteria. Tetanus, also called Lockjaw, lives in the soil and getsinto the body through cuts or wounds. The actu- al disease is caused when the bacteria release a toxin, or poison, into a person’s body. Tetanus can cause extremely painful muscle cramps all over the body. This disease can be deadly. In the most common form of tetanus, the first sign is spasm of the jaw muscles, followed by stiffness of the neck, and difficulty in swallowing.Diphtheria is also caused when the bacteria release a toxin, or poison, into a person’s body. Diphtheria bacteria live in the mouth, throat, and nose of an infected person and can be passed to others by coughing or sneezing. Death occursin 5–10% of people infected with diphtheria. Because of widespread immunization and better living conditions, diphtheria is now rare in the United States. In order to keep diphtheria a low concern, it is important that we continue to be immunized against this disease.Pertussis, also known as Whooping Cough, is spread through the air by coughing and sneezing. It is very contagious. Whooping cough can trigger coughing so severe that it results in vomiting and broken ribs.To help protect yourself and possibly your loved ones against these vaccine preventable bacterial infections, it is important to be immunized on a regular schedule. Because immunity to diphtheria and tetanus wanes with time booster of Td are needed every 10 years.Due to recent significant increases in pertussis infections, there have been some outbreaks that have reached epidemic levels. It is important all adults receive at least one dose of Tdap to allow for protection against all three bacterial infections (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis). Adult’s ages 65 years and older are recommended to be given a single dose of Tdap if they have not previously received one. 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In comparison, the _R_E_F_ERENCES:Now available at ____Shi2ngDlesOaSffeEctSs E1RmIilEliSon, pMeoOplRe EyeParRlyOinTthEeCUTSION AGAINST SHINSGhLinEgSrixA,SapYpOroUvAedGbEy the FDA in 2017, is a new safe and effective____ES AS YOU AGE painful rash thalivt oecZcuorstoanvoanxevsaidcecoinfetheisfacbeoourtb5o1dy%wehifcfhectaivne at preventing shingles.2 DOSE SERIES, MORE PROTECTION____ 1.NAGEAWINSTSHHINGILNESGASRYOIUXAGEVACCINECDC recommends ShingrixWaslgprreefenrsred over Zostavax, howeverShingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus, which is inactive in non-live vaccine to prevent shingles. Patients over 50 years whoillion peoAplGe AyeIaNrlySiTn tSheHUISNG nPrevention (CDC) Nohwttpasv:a//iwlawbwle.cadtc.g o v/shing le slast for weeks. 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Center for Disease Control & 2.National Foundation for1.hreAd ionve2r0Z1o7s,taisvax,nheowesvaefre anCdDCefrfePecrocemvteivmneteionnds(CSDhCin)grix as preferred oveIrnfZeocstitoauvsaDx,isheoawsevs.erCenter for D Prevention (CDC)se Cn’t wait, vaccinate today!” Also ask about flu, Tdap, andA in 2017, is a new safe and effectivehttp://www.nfid.org/shinglesases.https://www.cdc.gov/shinglesZostavax can still be used in certain cases. hingles. Patients over 50 years whoRso lm pn ept e paM Lo ns kn d rhttp://www.nfid.org/shingRlesEFERENCES: yo90u%rrbedoudctyionainftreiskr ocf hdeivcekloepingpsohixng,lebs.uInt coampnarriseona, cthteivate later in life. It is ad in certain cases.REFERENCES:____pneumococcal vaccines to protect your health!o n rao e


































































































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