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Health SceneUnderstanding Tobacco Use in Calhoun CountyFROM BRONSON BATTLE CREEKCigarette smoking kills more than 480,000 people in the United States each year. In 2016, 15.5 percent of Americans were smokers. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) research also shows that more people in the U.S. are addicted to nicotine than any other drug.In Calhoun County, a Community Health Needs Assessment found that 29 percent of residents are smokers, nearly double the national percentage.Who Smokes?Although the number of people who smoke has declined overall in past years, the CDC shows that smoking rates are higher among certain populations, including:• Loweducation• Males• Youngadults• South and Midwest (U.S.) • Below poverty level• Disabled• Certain races/ethnicitiesWays to Help You QuitYou know smoking is bad for you, and maybe you’ve thought about quitting, but breaking the habit is tough. Often, it takes many attempts before people are able to successfully quit.There are many treatment options to help you stop smoking for good. Coun- seling, support groups, phone applica- tions and medicine are all proven ways to help quit tobacco. If you combine the resources available to you, your chances of successfully quitting can be higher.Benefits of QuittingAccording to the American Lung As- sociation, the benefits of quitting start as soon as 20 minutes after smoking. And, your body continues to repair the damage caused by smoking for the next 15 years.Bronson offers many free programs including the American’s Cancer Society’s Freshstart® Smoking Cessation program.Amount of time after smokingImpact20 Minutes • Heart rate drops to a normal level12 Hours• Carbon monoxide level in your blood drops to normal2 Weeks to 3 Months• Risk of having a heart attack begins to drop • Lung function begins to improve1 to 9 Months • Coughing and shortness of breath decrease1 Year• Your added risk of coronary heart disease is half that of a smoker’s5 to 15 Years• Risk of having a stroke is reduced to that of a nonsmoker’s• Risk of getting cancer of the mouth, throat, or esophagus is half that of a smoker’s10 Years• Risk of dying from lung cancer is about half that of a smoker’s• Risk of getting bladder cancer is half that of a smoker’s• Risk of getting cervical cancer or cancer of the larynx, kidney or pancreas decreases15 Years• Risk of coronary heart disease is the same as that of a nonsmokerResources – There are many resources available for smoking cessation atthe county, state, and national level. It’s always good to speak with you doctor first about options that are best for you. Bronson offers many free programs including the American’s Cancer Society’s Freshstart® Smoking Cessation program. For more information about pulmonary services and programs offered at Bronson, visit SCENE 4304 I WOMEN IN BUSINESS

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